Northern White Cedar/Thuja Occidentalis
Northern White Cedar is densely branched, comprising a heartwood and sapwood. Heartwood is the inner part of a woody stem that appears brown or tan in color. Whereas sapwood, being the outermost part of a stem appears lighter or whiter in color. Various stems joining to the trunk of a tree are common in this wood. It is widely comprehended for durability, resistance to decay & termites and also to the harmful powder post beetles. This type of wood is largely used in Fences, pole, boat, outdoor furniture, railroad ties, and paper (pulpwood).
Thuja occidentalis is usually named as Eastern Arborvitae or merely Arborvitae. It is broadly cultured by diverse cultivators as an ornamental tree. The Northern white cedar is the lightest and softest wood that is commercially available in United States. Apart from being light and cottony, it exhibits some major attributes including great resistance to decay and furnishing as decorative piece for exteriors. With various recognizing terms like Northern white cedar, Eastern Arborvitae, Thuja occidentalis, these are largely found in Northeastern North America.
Western Red Cedar/Thuja Plicata
Western Red Cedar also known as Thuja Plicata, is a soft wood that is mostly found in Pacific Northwest United States/Canada. Appearing reddish or pinkish in color, it is distributed in darker red or brown areas, with random steaks and bonds. This wood is widely known for natural durability and is non-resistant to termite attack. Grown on western edge, this type of wood found application in buildings for making roof, exterior siding, construction of boats, boxes, crates as well as in various musical instruments like guitar soundboard.
Black Palm/Borassus Flabellifer
Black Palm, commonly recognized as Palmyra palm and Borassus Flabellifer, is a type of wood that is neither hard or soft, but befalls in the family of mono-cots. This type of wood is generally lighter brown in color, possessing filament that are densely packed on the exteriors of a tree, hence becoming vitally scanty towards the center of the tree. The central part of Black Palm doesn't hold black vascular bundles that can render hardness or specific look to the wood. This type of wood is widely found in areas of Tropical Asia and Africa and with great benefits like construction of floors, boat, tools, furniture and various other products.
Radiata Pine/Pinus Radiata
Radiata Pine is a structural and low densile timber that appears lighter in color and unbalanced in texture. With the large availability of this wood comes large uses, thus it is essentially used as a constructive material for building. Being a softwood, it is widely appreciated by the users. Radiata Pine largely known as Monterey Pine or Insignis Pine, is native in central coast of California, whereas prominently grown in Australia and New Zealand. It is environmental sustainably administered soft wood, acumen to be estimated 28 percent of Tasmania's timber plantations. Apart from usages in carpentary and decorative's, these can also be utilized in various structural as well non-structural applications, when treated with fine and accurate preservatives. Possessing relatively reduced density and broad growth rings, this timber is identical to heartwood, that usually appears light brown or yellow in color. The kernel of timber is normally straight, whereas the central core being 100mm can twist the liquid content. Apart from the knots, radiata pine efficaciously works permitting entrance to various additives. With diverse properties, it's outer surface can also be colored or stained, resisting to make a strong bond with glue because of high presence of resin. Also, it doesnÃ¢€™t originate spatter of alkaloid surfaces like that of a cement or a concrete.
Klinki Pine/Araucaria Hunsteinii
Klinki Pine also acknowledged as Bulolo Pine, Pai, Rassu, Araucaria Klinkii and Wau Pine, is an essential type of soft wood that is largely found as a plywood in Australia. This New Guinea sapling finds application in various domains like carpentry, cutlery and battery separators. This sort of soft wood is alike hoop pine, but possess relatively low density. The similarity between the two is that of heartwood and sapwood but are not easily differentiable. The consistency of the surface of Klinki Pine is smooth and even, along with unbent grain. The only way by which we can differentiate between the two, i.e., hoop pine and Klinki Pine is by adding a few drops or definite quantities of concentrated hydrochloric acid, that turns the natural color of the wood into fierce green.