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Air-Dried- Dried in the presence of air

Air-Dry-  To get dry in the existence of unheated air

Bark- The exterior most layer of the tree comprising of dead cork and various other elements

Board- A plank that is supplied as a rigid sheet after fabrication

Checks or Splits- Segregation that broadens along with the grain because of less liquid content and shrinkage during drying

Clear Timber- Flawless timber free from defects

Conifer- A part of Coniferales tree family, having cones and needle shape or scale-like leaves. These are evergreen and make softwood.

Cubic Meters- A unit of volume measured by multiplying the breadth of the timber with thickness

Cup- Where the wood creates an arch, mostly on sawn boards where a hollow curve across the grain occurs

Decay- Rot or damage of the wood by the harmful attack of fungi

Density- The compactness of a timber measured in terms of thickness

Dressed Timber- A smooth and fine layer on the timber

Drying- Where liquid content of timber is evaporated in the air. Drying has a major effect on timber

Durability- the existence period of timber

End Split- A division at the end of the timber

Face- The broad surface of square sawn, vener, dressed timber on the basis of which quality is determined

Figure- The structure and visual aspect of timber especially in terms of color and texture

Finished Size- The final magnitude of the timber after being dressed

Flitch- A division of wood which has been sawn from log

Flooring- Plank prepared to cover the floor

Framing Timber- Wood used for construction

Gauged- The smooth surface of timber dressed in a perfect size

Girth- The width of the tree

Grain- The generic path in relation to the main axis of the wood. It can be cross, diagonal, interlocking, spiral or straight

Green Timber- Freshly cut timber containing moisture content. It is also known as unseasoned timber

Growth Ring- A round structure visible on the cross- section of a branch, symbolizing annual growth. The visibility is because of the prominent difference between late wood and early wood portion

Gum Veins and Pockets- Protection to the injury especially in hardwood and eucalyptus. Its existence can reduce the power of the timber.

Hardwood- A wood from dicot angiosperm trees.

Heartwood- The developed part of wood in a tree, providing structural support for the plant. It comprises of  phenols, cells and various other substances which may inhibit fungus. This type of wood is more long lasting than sapwood.

Interlocking Grain- The double coiling outcome because of the development of fibers in opposite positions

Kerf- A slit by cutting the saw

Kiln- An enclosed room where the drying process of timber takes place.

Kiln Dried- Cured with a kiln to a specified liquid content

Knot- The twist embedded in the branch of a tree trunk. It could be wither dead or alive.

Linear Meters- A metric unit used to measure length

Lumber- The wood that is processed into plank and beam

Lyctids- It is powder post beetles. The larvae of these beetle cling the starch comprising of sapwood that is a hardwood species, decreasing it to powdered form. The beetles cannot cling heartwood or even sapwood.

Milled Timber- Wood produced from the cut tree trunk

Moisture content- Presence of liquid content in the timber.

Nominal Size- The sawn magnitude of timber before dressing. The finished size is smaller than the nominal size.

Quarter-sawing- A cut in the timber to make boards. 

Resin- A gluey substance that is exuded by timber

Rough Sawn- Cutting of wood on a circular saw in basic size

Rougher Headed- A fine and smooth ripped coating equivalent to dressing on a timber

Sapwood- The outermost and extant wood of a tree. The inner most layer after dying becomes heartwood.

Sawn- Wood without coating and dressing.

Scantling- The small square or rectangular cross section. It is used in the building of various objects like rafters.

Seasoned Timber- Dehydrated timber to a stable i.e., 10-15 percent liquid content.

Shrinkage- The reduced timber. The variation between green and dehydrated timber to a water content of 12 percent.

Softwood- A wood that comes from the family of coniferous tree

Species- A group of wood that is classified on the basis of biological classification.

Termites- Insects that ruins wood

Timber- Wood that is prepared to be used for carpentry or at construction sites.

Trade name- A name given to a specific timber. It doesn't differ from foresters and masses.



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